Ctesias of Cnidus was a Greek physician who lived in the last half of the fifth authors who form fragments of Ctesias, most notably Bekker’s. Ctesias returned to Greece in and began writing his Persica, a history of Assyria-Babylonia in 23 books. Books I–VI included a history of Assyria and the. CTESIAS (Gk. Ktēsías), Greek physician at the Achaemenid court and author of Persiká, who belonged to the Cnidian school of physicians, which claimed to.

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CTESIAS – Encyclopaedia Iranica

The work was divided into twenty-three books Sudas. For, when Achaemenides fell,of hismen perished. Thank You for Your Contribution!

The army was greatly grieved, and, although Secydianus distributed large sums amongst the soldiers, they hated him for the murder persoca his brother Xerxes and now for that of Bagorazus. His general Artapanuswith 10, men, fought ctessias engagement with Leonidas, the Spartan general, at Thermopylae ; the Persian host was cut to pieces, while only two or three of the Spartans were slain.

His son Mitradates was appointed to his satrapy.

This portent was interpreted by cteslas wise men to mean that he would leave no successor. He was opposed by Pausanias the Spartan, with only Spartiates, perioeciand from the other cities.

Ctesias, Overview of the works

Megabyzus replied that he was ready to do so, but on condition that he should not be obliged to appear at court again, and should be allowed to remain in his satrapy. He wrote several books about Persia and India. At length Artyphius, finding that Arsites did not appear, surrendered to the king, after Artasyras had solemnly promised him that his life should be spared.


Large numbers deserted from Artaxerxes to Cyrus, none from Cyrus to Artaxerxes. Xerxes persiva reprimanded her, but she declared that she was not guilty. In this capacity he was sent via Cyprus and Cnidus to negotiate with Sparta in about BCE, but he seems to have been captured in Rhodes, where he was unsuccessfully tried for serving the interests of Persia Jacoby, Fragmentep. Topic select a topic Statira, seeing that Parysatis was eating her own portion, had no suspicions, and took the fatal poison.

The devotion of three books to each is somewhat disproportionate, however, for Ctesias, like most of his contemporaries, knew almost nothing about the Medes, not even the names of their kings.

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Ctesias mentioned that Darius’ I grave at Persepolis was in a cliff face that could be reached with an apparatus of ropes.

Written for a Greek readership, the Persica influenced the development of both historiographic and literary traditions in Greece. Disgraced by his brother, he retired to his satrapy and laid his plans for revolt.

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Ctesias, Overview of the works – Livius

Thorax the Thessalian and Calliades and Timaphernes, the leaders of the Trachinians, who were present with their forces, were summoned by Xerxes together with Demaratus and Hegias the Ephesian, who told him that the Spartans could never be defeated unless they were surrounded. Since Croesus was evidently meditating treachery, his son was put to ctesiass before his eyes; his mother, who was a witness of his execution, committed suicide by throwing herself from the walls.


Darius, after he had crossed the bridge, set fire to the houses and temples of the Chalcedonians, because they had attempted to break down the bridges which he had made near their city and had also destroyed the altar erected by him, when crossing, in honor of Zeus Diabaterios.

The country then submitted to Cyrus. At last, however, through her constant importunity she obtained her wish from her son, and after five years the king gave up Inarus and the Greeks to her.

Photius’ Excerpt of Ctesias’ Persica

Labyzus, in astonishment, replied, “Whom ctesiax should we think him to be? But the king ordered him to be thrown into the ashes and gave his satrapy to Tissaphernes. The king, enraged with his mother, ordered her eunuchs to be seized and tortured, including her chief confidant Ginge. Parysatis, when playing at dice with the king, won the game persca Bagapates as the prize, and afterwards had him flayed alive and crucified. Artapanus the son of Artasyras had as great influence as his father had had over Darius.

Those who had been prisoners with Croesus had their heads cut off, on suspicion of having conspired persuca release him. At Marathon he was met by Miltiades ; the barbarians were defeated and Datis himself slain, the Athenians afterwards refusing to give up his body at the request of the Persians.